戲罷曾無理曲時

چهارشنبه 18 اردیبهشت 1398

在流感季節,孕婦能接種流感疫苗嗎

نویسنده: ming li   

  在流感季節,孕婦能接種流感疫苗嗎?

  秋風起、蟹腳癢。但我並不想說螃蟹的事情。

  這個季節,不僅是吃螃蟹的季節,而且是流感、感冒的季節。

  在秋季,冬季和春季,兒童醫院和成人醫院最常見的急診室是感冒和發燒的患者。

  學會建議政府,在下個流感季節,安排藥劑師到全港幼稚園及小學,為學童接種噴鼻式流感疫苗,以減輕醫生及護士的工作負擔;同時,將到校疫苗注射計劃擴展至全港幼稚園,並加入噴鼻式疫苗選擇。

  我自己通常每年冬天都不能跑步,一年得兩次感冒。

  感冒是治不好的。在藥房買到的感冒藥是有症狀的藥,可以退燒,抑制打噴嚏,流鼻涕。不管是否使用這些藥物,感冒的過程總是需要一周的時間。常用感冒藥不會縮短病程,但會減輕病痛。

  其實,我怕感冒,我感冒後經常有鼻炎,這個病程會變長,會很長時間鼻塞,流鼻涕。一旦鼻炎發作,也很容易引起中耳炎。飛行的頭兩天,僅僅因為飛機前有鼻塞,結果飛機降落時耳膜開始出現疼痛。下了飛機,上了第二架飛機,起飛後幾乎痛苦不堪。飛機的核心想跳下去。偶爾感冒後口周圍也會有單純皰疹發作,口唇皰疹、破傷風、疥瘡,也要服用一周。

  香港大學微生物學系講座教授袁國勇建議,邀請藥劑師或護士到學校為學生以香港流感疫苗進行集體接種,以減低流感爆發風險。

  總之,感冒很不舒服。流感症狀比普通感冒更嚴重。

  如果是老年人、心腦血管疾病等基礎疾病,感冒可能加重這些疾病,甚至增加這些疾病的死亡率。

  孕婦也是特殊人群。懷孕後,孕婦所有的系統都會發生變化,血液在增多,但紅細胞再減少,血壓也逐漸的增高,心髒、肝髒、腎髒都承擔正更大的負擔,身體已經滑向了不健康的邊緣,如果患上流感,那麼症狀會比普通女性以及男性症狀更重、並發症更多。

  不過流感疫苗價錢就比傳統針劑疫苗貴一倍,可接種人士介乎2至49歲健康及無懷孕及哮喘病患等人士,江永明醫生呼籲家長及早為子女安排接種疫苗,而噴鼻疫苗可以為家長同小朋友提供多一種選擇。

  如果流感在妊娠早期發生,流感病毒可引起胎兒宮內感染,進而引起胎兒畸形。

  秋冬季,普通百姓要預防流感,孕婦和准備懷孕的婦女。

  噴後亦沒有大副作用,「可能噴完後會覺得鼻子痕癢,有可能打噴嚏,有些病人會說有鼻塞的感覺。不過一般來說沒有嚴重流感 疫苗 副作用。」

相關文章:

可以在懷孕期間接種流感疫苗嗎

流感蔓延,疫苗緊缺,概念股能不能“燒”起來pkahg

為什麼流感病毒每年都發作

如果流感疫苗缺貨怎麼辦

流感疫苗,到底有沒有效

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